What you should know about our cotton

Cotton is obtained naturally from the cotton plant, a plant from the mallow family. Organic textiles from this fibre leave a pleasantly cool, soft effect on the skin.

Characteristics of the cotton natural fibre

Cotton is soft, robust, breathable and long-lasting. The natural fibre can take up to 20% of its weight in humidity and nevertheless feel dry.

The longer the cotton fibres are, the finer can the yarn be spun and the finer and the more valuable the materials woven from it become. Technically, one speaks here of the so-called “Staple length”, which can amount, depending on the kind of cotton, between 15-50 mm.

With a staple length of more than 35 mm, the fibre of the Peruvian Pima cotton (ELS fibre = Extra Long Staple) is one the longest and finest world.

Botany

Cotton belongs to the bush-like mallow family. Eight weeks after the sowing the cotton field is blooming in full splendour. The beautiful yellow flowers transform themselves slowly into caps, which open after approximately 55 days, in order to make room for the white soft cotton fibres.

Cultivation Areas

Cotton is cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas within the so-called “Cotton Belt”, between the latitudes of 43 degrees North and 36 degrees South. Among these, parts of South America, such as Peru and Brazil, parts of Central America, the southwest of the USA, Africa, India and Pakistan.

History of cotton

Cotton has a history of at least 5000 years. At that time, Peru already played an important role, since the Incas, as also the Mayas in Central America, cultivated the natural fibre. From the once multi-coloured kinds of cotton in Peru, only the white, green and brown ones survived over time.

With the beginning of the industrialization in the 19th century, due to the invention of the mechanical loom, cotton was fast introduced into the European textile market. And to this very day, despite the high rise of synthetic fibres, it is still competitive on the market.

Meaning of cotton for the textile industry

Cotton is the most important natural material of the textile industry. About 40% of all textiles are made of the fluffy/soft natural fibre.

Organic Farming

Anbau von Bio Baumwolle

Organic Farming is good for the soil, the wildlife and for baby´s sensitive skin. But what organic farming of cotton really mean?

Conventional Farming

Konventioneller Anbau von Baumwolle Pestizide

Conventional Farming includes synthetic chemical fertilizers and other chemical substances that aim to increase the crop yields.